Orthodontics is the branch and specialty of dentistry concerned with the supervision, guidance, and correction of the growing or mature dentofacial structures and the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of any abnormalities associated with these structures.

The Fellowship Examination in Orthodontics tests a candidate’s knowledge and clinical competence in Orthodontics at the specialty level in Canada.

For more information, please refer to the Canadian Association of Orthodontists.

Examination Information

The Fellowship Examination is an oral examination designed to test the candidate’s ability to recognize, diagnose, and plan appropriate intervention, management, and follow-up care for the presented patients. The focus is to evaluate the ability to successfully manage patients in an Orthodontic specialty practice.

Part 1: Oral Examination1 hour
Part 2: Oral Examination1 hour

Topics for Review

The oral examination is structured to test the topics below.

  • Anatomy: Dental/head and neck/ developmental/anatomy landmarks of the skull
  • Histology
  • Embryology and genetics
  • Oral biochemistry/physiology/ neurophysiology
  • Microbiology/immunology/infection control
  • Pharmacology/anxiety and pain control
  • Oral pathology/genetic disorders/ developmental disturbances/speech path/ craniofacial anomalies
  • Growth and development
  • Psychological factors, patient management
  • Preventive dentistry/hygiene
  • Dental emergencies
  • Epidemiology, biostatistics and research design
  • Ethics, jurisprudence and risk management
  • Medical emergencies and CPR
  • Biology of tooth movement
  • Biomechanics
  • Biomaterials, physical principles, laboratory procedures
  • Occlusion
  • Temporomandibular disorders
  • Etiology of malocclusion
  • Respiration and airway considerations
  • Imaging techniques
  • Cephalometrics: analysis, principles, landmarks
  • Treatment timing
  • Dentofacial orthopaedics/Interceptive treatment
  • Design, fabrication, and manipulation of fixed and removable appliances
  • Orthodontic management of patients with craniofacial anomalies
  • Orthodontic management of patients requiring interdisciplinary treatment plans
  • Orthodontic management of medically compromised patients
  • Orthodontic-restorative treatment
  • Orthodontic-periodontal treatment
  • Surgical orthodontics
  • Complications
  • Retention and stability
  • Implantology/Temporary anchorage devices

Candidate Study Guide

The intent of this guide is to provide the candidate with an understanding of the format in which questions may be asked during the Fellowship Examination. The content used in these sample questions is strictly used for illustrative purposes and should not be construed as an example of the level of difficulty of the examination questions.

Study Guide

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